Read the theory below or jump straight to the recommended product regimes based on skin type (click here).
Combating the physical changes
As we age naturally, new cell growth slows and the healing of damaged cells is less efficient, cell DNA is changed and so the new cells coming through are also damaged.
As a consequence, the amount of collagen and elastin are decreased, the areas in and around our cells hold less water and so our skin looks and feels increasingly dry, saggy and wrinkly.
The rate that this all happens is influenced by our:
- genes & hormones
- UV exposure
- health, and if we have been ill
- lifestyle, including if we smoke
- skin care routine – lack of or the type of products we have chosen.
At menopause the decrease in oestrogen also causes less water retention, so our skin becomes dehydrated more easily.
What is photo-aging?
The areas of our skin that are exposed to light including sunlight (UV radiation) are predisposed to photo-aging. UVB affects the epidermis (outer layer) and UVA the dermis (inner layer).
UV light is absorbed by the skin; this causes a photochemical reaction, which in turn causes oxidation to occur in the cell – damaging the cell.
Over time the dermis thins, and with this we have a decreased blood flow to the area; and that’s when we start to notice all the signs of our skin getting older.
Why do wrinkles occur?
Wrinkles form as the skin loses its elasticity from the reduction in collagen production. Irregularities form in the dermis because there is less water being retained in the epidemis and these “lines” over time become wrinkles as the collagen fibres are slowly worn down until they break and permanent lines appear.
What causes pigmentation?
Pigmentation or skin blemishes are caused from either hormonal influences (melasma) or from overexposure to sunlight over a period of time. They can be patchy, multiple or single areas of darkened skin varying in size. They can also increase over years.
Melanin production is the way our skin naturally protects us from free radical production and subsequent damaged-cell DNA. This leads onto thickening of the epidermis which gives you initially uneven skin tone but will eventually develop into thick leathery skin if UV exposure continues.
There is also thinning of the dermis (where everything is alive in your skin) and a reduction in cell turnover. This causes a reduction in collagen and elastin production, which contributes to fine lines and wrinkles.
Damaged DNA may eventually alter the cell sufficiently to become a skin cancer.
The secret to helping all your signs of aging is great antioxidants and the most appropriate Vitamin A for your skin type and age. Always start at a lower percentage and increase as you finish a bottle. It is essential to use a physical sunblock when trying to change your skin in this way; every day whether inside or out.
Adding in clinic treatments will boost the effectiveness to your home care also. Enjoy a good diet, drink lots of water, stop smoking, limit alcohol and find some work/life balance; these will all help.
Once your skin begins to show the signs of aging, it is wise to be using an eye cream and a neck cream if you haven’t already started. Always add the remnants of serums and creams into the backs of your hands when you have finished applying them to your face. Waste nothing, and don’t expect miracles overnight.
Normal and a little oily skin
Osmosis MD choices:
Osmosis MD Deep Clean cleanser, Replenish, Calm or Correct (both Vitamin A’s), Quench. Use all products day and night, and in the AM add – SPF sunscreen moisturiser – Osmosis MD Shade or another zinc based sunblock of your choice.
Osmosis MD Calm$18.00–$132.00
Osmosis MD Correct$136.00
Osmosis MD Deep Clean$40.00–$77.00
Osmosis MD Quench$18.00–$95.00
Osmosis MD Replenish$18.00–$120.00
Dryer aging skin; often more sensitive
If sensitive and/or reactive, start on the above products first and progress to:
Still not sure?
Fill in the Online Skin Consultation and Gaye, our registered nurse will happily help you to choose the right products for your skin type or concern.
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